antimicrobial therapy

Knowledge Level on Etiology and Therapy of Keratitis among Ophthalmologists in Smolensk, Kaluga and Orel Regions

This paper presents the results of the study to evaluate knowledge level of ophthalmologists on risk factors, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of keratitis. A total of 65 ophthalmologists in 3 regions (Smolensk, Kaluga, and Orel) completed …

Antimicrobial Therapy of Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections: What are the Success Determinants?

Successful outcome of complicated intra-abdominal infections (peritonitis) is determined by two key factors – surgical control of infection site and appropriate and timely antimicrobial therapy. Over the years choice of high antimicrobials for the …

Approaches to Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Male Urethritis: Results of Multicenter Observational Study

Objective. Objectives. To determine the diagnostic and treatment patterns for acute male urethritis (AMU) in Russia. Materials and Methods. Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted during 2009 in 4 cities of Russia: Kaluga, Pskov, Smolensk and Tula. Data on diagnostic and treatment approaches for AMU subjects ≥16 years old were collected and analyzed using specially designed case report forms. Results. 556 cases of AMU were analyzed during study period. The average age of patients was 29 years (16–68 years).

Clinical Perspectives of Tigecycline

The emergence and spread of resistance to multiple classes of antimicrobials is a growing threat, especially in microorganisms causing severe nosocomial infections in hospital settings. Tigecycline, the first in a new class of antimicrobials …

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Trauma Patients: Results of Prospective Observational Study

Objective. To study prospectively clinical course of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), mortality, and risk factors for poor outcome as well as etiology and antibiotic resistance of HAP in trauma patients; to assess antimicrobial therapy in patients with head trauma and orthopedic trauma in Smolensk Clinical Hospital of Emergency Medical Care. Materials and Methods. A prospective observational study in 96 patients with head trauma or orthopedic trauma and concurrent HAP, confirmed by clinical examination, chest X-ray, and Clinical Pulmonary Infection Scale (CPIS) score of ≥5.

Antimicrobial Resistance of S. aureus Isolated from Infants with Skin and Soft Tissue Infections

The most common pathogens of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) as well as pharmacodynamics parameters of different antimicrobials against S. aureus are considered in this paper. A total of 80 clinical S. aureus isolates obtained from children (0 …

Etiology and Antimicrobial Resistance of Hospital-acquired and Community-acquired Intra-Abdominal Infections in ICUs of Two Teaching Hospitals

Objective. To investigate the etiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns of aerobic bacterial pathogens in community- and hospital-acquired intra-abdominal infections (IAI) in the ICUs of two teaching hospitals in one particular city. Materials and Methods. A total of 168 patients with peritonitis (122 community-acquired, 46 nosocomial) were included in the study. Susceptibility testing was performed by agar dilution method according to CLSI recommendations. Results. Clinically significant aerobic pathogens were isolated in 61.

Antimicrobial Resistance and Therapy of Salmonella Infections

This review contains brief information on the epidemiology of salmonellosis as well as the modern classification and nomenclature of Salmonella genus. The main mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella and their prevalence are summarized. …

Microbiological and Clinical Issues on the Use of Piperacillin/Tazobactam in the Treatment of Severe Infections

Piperacillin/tazobactam, penicillin/beta-lactamase inhibitor combination, has a broad antimicrobial spectrum, including most gram-positive cocci and gram-negativeaerobic and anaerobic bacteria (including beta-lactamase producing microorganisms). …

Current Approaches to Antimicrobial Therapy of Bacterial Vaginosis

Efficacy of antimicrobial treatment regimens in pregnant or non-pregnant women with bacterial vaginosis (BV) is difficult to evaluate. It’s due to variability of the diagnosis and cure criteria currently used in clinical studies. This paper …