Knowledge Level on Etiology and Therapy of Keratitis among Ophthalmologists in Smolensk, Kaluga and Orel Regions

Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2011; 13(4):354-359

Journal article


This paper presents the results of the study to evaluate knowledge level of ophthalmologists on risk factors, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of keratitis. A total of 65 ophthalmologists in 3 regions (Smolensk, Kaluga, and Orel) completed specifically designed questionnaires composed of questions about both bacterial and viral keratitis. Staphylococci or streptococci and herpes simplex virus or adenovirus are considered by the ophthalmologists as the most common pathogens of bacterial and viral keratitis, respectively. In most cases, antimicrobial treatments of keratitis in those regions are administered empirically. Ciprofloxacin, tobramycin, and chloramphenicol are the most commonly prescribed topical antimicrobials. Alpha-2b interferon, non-specific interferon inducers, and acyclovir ointment are the most frequently used by the ophthalmologists for the local treatment of viral keratitis.

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