children

Analysis of Antibiotic Usage in Children Living in Orphanages During the 2003–2004 and 2009–2010

Analysis of antibiotic usage in children living in orphanages was performed during two time-periods: 2003–2004 and 2009–2010 with the aim to reveal key problems of antibiotic usage in this population, and to develop measures for improvement. It was …

Review of Current Guidelines on the Management of Pediatric Patients with Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis

Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) is a common disease in pediatric practice, which takes a fifth place among the causes of antimicrobials administration to children. This paper presents a review of current clinical guidelines on the management of …

Laboratory Diagnosis of Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains one of the most common and life-threatening infections. This paper represents a review of laboratory diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia during the period of 2002– 2006. Local serological and …

Meropenem in the Treatment of Severe Infections in Children

Carbapenems are the most appropriate antimicrobials for empiric and pathogen-directed monotherapy in most severe and life-threatening infections in pediatric patients. It can be explained by broadest spectrum of activity, including multidrug …

Current Options for the Pharmacotherapy of the Invasive Candidiasis in Children

Invasive mycoses are the substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised children. The prevalence of invasive mycoses in this population is around 25% and the mortality rates are run up to 55-60%. Invasive candidiasis is a major …

Antimicrobial Resistance of Clinical Strains of H. influenzae Isolated from Children in Yekaterinburg During 2000–2005

Susceptibility testing of 268 clinical strains of H. influenzaе isolated from children in Yekaterinburg during 2000–2005 was performed by disc diffusion method. Resistance to ampicillin was 13%, to II generation cephalosporins – 3%. There was the …

Efficacy and Safety of Combined Antimycotic Therapy of Invasive Aspergillosis in Children

Invasive aspergillosis is a common complication in children with hemoblastosis. This type of mycosis characterized with severe clinical presentations and high attributive mortality. Monotherapy with one of the systemic antimycotics is often using to …

Safety of Monofluoroquinolones in Pediatric Patients

Two groups of children on therapy with monofluoroquinolones were enrolled in this open trial: 169 patients with cystic fibrosis (exacerbation period) and 55 patients with aplastic anemia (neutropenic phase); age was from 6 months to 16 years. The aim …

Efficacy and Safety of Caspofungin in Children with Invasive Fungal Infections

The prospective study of 19 children (aged of 1 to 17 years) with invasive fungal infections and different forms of immunosupression was conducted. Clinical and microbiological efficacy and safety of caspofungin, as well as analysis of direct costs …

Quinolones in Childhood and Pregnancy. Is There a Rationale for Their Use?

The usage of quinolones and fluoroquinolones (FQ) in children and adolescents as well as in pregnant women is considered in this paper. Based on joint toxicity of FQ observed in immature animals this class of antimicrobial agents is officially …