Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2009; 11(1):79-85
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains one of the most common and life-threatening infections. This paper represents a review of laboratory diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia during the period of 2002– 2006. Local serological and microbiological data on etiology of CAP in children and adults are provided. The results show that atypical microorganisms are the most common pathogens of CAP in children aged of 5–15 years (antimycoplasma and anti-chlamydia IgM were detected in 60% of cases). H. influenzae и S. рneumoniae were isolated more rarely (cultures yielded positive results thrice as little). Infection was polymicrobial (combinations of different atypical pathogens as well as atypical pathogens plus S. pneumoniae or H. influenzae). CAP in adults was equally associated with typical and intracellular (atypical) pathogens (14.8–18.5%); polymicrobial infection was reported in 22.2% of patients.