acute otitis media

The prevalence of circulating S. pneumoniae serotypes in people older than 18 years: healthy carriers, patients with acute otitis media, community-acquired pneumonia, and invasive pneumococcal infections (epidemiological study «SPECTRUM»)

Objective. To estimate the prevalence of S. pneumoniae serotypes in adults aged of 18 years and older, including healthy carriers and patients with acute otitis media (AOM), community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and invasive pneumococcal infection (IPI). Materials and Methods. A total of 230 isolates of S. pneumoniae from 10 centers were included in the study from 01.06.2019 to 01.10.2019. Re-identification and typing using real-time PCR with 22 primer pairs were performed in the central laboratory (Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Russia).

New probiotic strain Streptococcus salivarius K12 in clinical practice

Over the last decades, probiotic strains for topical administration (including oral cavity) have appeared in clinical practice. Streptococcus salivarius K12 is a promising probiotic for prevention and treatment of the upper respiratory tract and ENT …

Antimicrobial susceptibility and association with serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in children with acute otitis media and acute sinusitis in Belarus

Objective. To study antibiotic resistance and its association with serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from hospitalized children with community-acquired ENT infections in Belarus during 2013-2016 and to analyze a potential for the use of different antibiotic classes in the treatment of those infections. Materials and Methods. A total of 115 strains isolated from children with acute otitis media and 18 strains isolated from children with acute rhinosinusitis were tested. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by a broth microdilution method.

Study to assess incidence of acute otitis media in children under 5 years of age in Russia (PAPIRUS-AOM)

At this prospective 12-months study we investigated the incidence of acute otitis media (AOM), it’s severity and frequency of hospitalization in children from 0 to 5 years old. We detected, that AOM-burden in children under 5-years old in the …

Antimicorbial Susceptibility, Clonal and Serotype Diversity of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated from Children with Acute Otitis Media in Moscow

Objective. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is the leading cause of acute otitis media (AOM) in children. Hereby, we describe antibiotic susceptibility, clonality, and serotype distribution of pneumococci isolated from the middle ear fluid (MEF) in children with AOM. Materials and Methods. MEF specimens from children ≤5 years of age with AOM were collected in 4 pediatric hospitals in Moscow in 2011–2013. Isolation and identification of pneumococcus was performed using standard microbiological procedures.

Incidence of Community-Acquired Pneumonia and Acute Otitis Media in Children 0–5 Years in Russia and Role of S. pneumoniae or H. influenzae in the Etiology of the Diseases

Objective. To estimate the incidence of communityacquired pneumonias and acute otitis media and the role of S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae in these infections in children under 5 years. Materials and Methods. Investigational program PAPIRUS (Prospective Assessment of Pneumococcal Infection in RUSsia), which included multi-center prospective epidemiological study estimating the incidence of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and the role of S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae in CAP and acute otitis media (AOM) in children 0-5 years of age in 3 Russian cities (Barnaul, Yekaterinburg and Murmansk) and the prospective multi-center observational cohort study evaluating the incidence of AOM in children under 5 years in the same cities had been performed during 12 months.

Serological Characteristics and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated from Children 0–5 Years of Age in Different Regions of Russia

This article presents results of the study on serotypes distribution of clinical and colonized strains of S. pneumoniae circulated in different regions of Russian Federation in children attended day-care centers and orphanages, and in pediatric …

Cephalosporins in the Treatment of Community-Acquired Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Based on Antimicrobial Resistance Data from Russia

Beta-lactams remain one of the most commonly used antimicrobial classes in the treatment of community-acquired respiratory tract infections worldwide. Among them, cephalosporins take one of the main places because of their broad spectrum of activity …

Ceftibuten: Current Role in the Therapy of Infections

Beta-lactams remain the most used class of antibiotics all over the world. Among them, cephalosporins occupy the leading place. This is due to not only wide spectrum of activity, but also a good tolerability of this antibiotic class. Оral therapy …

Drug Therapy of Acute Otitis Media in Adult Outpatients: Results of the Multicenter Pharmacoepidemiological Study

Drug treatment of adult outpatients with acute otitis media (AOM) were analyzed. A total of 1489 case histo% ries of patients aged from 16 to 83 (55,6 ± 14,8) were included in the study from 8 Russian cities. The most frequently prescribed groups of …