etiology

Local microbiological monitoring as a basis for determining etiological significance of conditional pathogens: data from a burn intensive care unit

Objective. To assess the etiology of infections, microbial associations and antimicrobial resistance in a burn intensive care unit. Materials and Methods. A microbiological study of 1322 biological samples from 195 patients with extensive burns included 479 blood samples, 82 respiratory samples, 326 urine samples, and 435 wound samples. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed, and coefficients of constancy and associativity (CA), as well as the Jaccard coefficient were calculated. Results. The etiology of infections was represented by: Pseudomonas aeruginosa – 23%, Acinetobacter baumannii – 19.

Ventilatorassociated lower respiratory tract infections: etiology and diagnosis

Objective. To review a literature published over the past 5 years and our own data on the etiology of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), antimicrobial resistance and its relationships between sepsis and choice of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Materials and Methods. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) criteria were used to diagnose LRTI. A review of the articles regarding LRTI from the Russian and international English language journals published over 6 years was performed.

Etiology of community-acquired pneumonia and prevalence of comorbidities in elderly patient population

Objective. To investigate the mortality rate, comorbidity prevalence, and etiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in elderly patient population. Materials and Methods. Hospitalized elderly patients with CAP were distributed into the following age groups: 65–74 years (group I), 75–84 years (group II) and 85–94 years (group III). The patients’ medical records were used for determining comorbidities and mortality rate. In order to determine etiology of CAP, sputum or BAL samples were collected.

Etiology of Infective Endocarditis in Russia

Objective. To investigate etiology of infective endocarditis in Russian Federation. Materials and Methods. Multicenter prospective (September 2011 to December 2013) and retrospective (January 2006 – September 2011) studies to investigate etiology of infective endocarditis (IE) were performed at medical institutions in 10 Russian cities. Patients with definite or possible diagnosis of IE who have at least 1 blood culture collected were enrolled in the study. Results. A total of 401 patients with IE were included in the analysis: 161 (40.

Level of Knowledge of Medical Specialists on the Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Endocarditis in Russia

Objective. To reveal the level of knowledge of medical specialists on the diagnostics and treatment of infective endocarditis (IE). Materials and Methods. Multicenter interviewing of the medical specialists about IE etiology, diagnostics and treatment was conducted during 2012–2013 in 15 cities of different regions of Russia. Results. Overall 530 medical specialists were interviewed. On the question concerning the choice of echocardiographic study only 59,4% of respondents have marked transesophageal route.

Respiratory Tract Infections: New View on the Old Problem

Respiratory tract infections are the most common human infectious diseases. These infections may cause serious complications and cause tremendous economic losses. Therefore the adequate treatment of different types of respiratory infections, …

Laboratory Diagnosis of Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains one of the most common and life-threatening infections. This paper represents a review of laboratory diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia during the period of 2002– 2006. Local serological and …

Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis in Young Soldiers: Etiology, Susceptibility and Antimicrobial Therapy

The objectives of this study were to investigate etiology of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABR) in young soldiers, to determine susceptibility to different antimicrobial agents and to assess clinical efficacy of antimicrobial therapy in ABR. …

Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Causative Agents of Fatal Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adult Patients

The aim of the study was to determinate the structure of bacterial pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance in adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). A total of 57 adult patients from Smolensk and Yartsevo hospitals with severe …

Fournier’s Gangrene

Fournier’s gangrene is a relatively rare disease and comprises specific form of necrotizing fasciitis. This review presents a history of this disease. Several controversial issues, such as etiology, which is polymicrobial and to some extent depends …