Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2021; 23(1):44-53
The title of this review “War and peace” is not accidental and the analogies with a well-known literary masterpiece have absolutely justified ground. As in the case of Lev Tolstoy’s novel this title has a profound philosophical meaning, although at first glance it may seem quite obvious. The word «war» may well correspond to those hostile changes of microorganisms leading to the current problem of antimicrobial resistance recognized worldwide. This is the “war” we have to wage against the antibiotic-resistant bacteria today. And the «peace» in this context is considered as the world, the entire universe, all people, the whole society and its reaction to what is happening. On the other hand, the word «peace» means something opposite in meaning to the word «war». Thus, the essence of the title bears a sharp contrast between military actions and peacetime, between something that carries a threat to life and peace, or illness and recovery. Preserving original novel’s structure the authors of this review consistently consider justification of fosfomycin trometamol as a first-line drug in the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis in women taking into account the latest research, publications and global trends.