Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2007; 9(3):219-232
In spite of the fact that legionellosis is known as a human infectious disease for more than 25 years there is still quite a few difficulties and open problems. At the present article the following topics are described in detail: taxonomy, general description, biology and pathogenic factors of legionellae, epidemiology and clinical aspects of «Legionnaires’ disease» and «Pontiac fever». Current approaches to the therapy of legionellosis as well as to diagnostic procedures, including express-tests, and prophylaxis are also discussed.