Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2015; 17(2):127-145
Telavancin is a first marketed representative of semisinthetic lipoglycopeptides — new generation of glycopeptide antimicrobials. Telavancin is registered for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia and skin and soft tissue infections caused by Gram(+) microorganisms, including multiresistant strains. Another perspective area of telavancin use — bloodstream infections, such as bacteremia and endocarditis. Telavancin is in vitro active against broad range of Gram(+) aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, including strains resistant to other antimicrobials: MRSA, MRSE, VISA, daptomycin non-susceptible strains of S. aureus, penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, ampicillin-resistant enterococci and enterococci with VanB phenotype of resistance to vancomycin. Talavancin is rapidly bactericidal due to its dual mechanism of action; it is active against intracellular bacterial cells and biofilmforming cells. Article reviews data of current in vitro and in vivo studies of telavancin, as well as clinical trials results.
Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Smolensk, Russia
Perm State Medical University, Perm, Russia
Scientific Centre of Cardiac Surgery named after A.N. Bakulev, Moscow, Russia