Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2011; 13(1):90-97
An analysis of all bacteremia cases associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome among patients hospitalized to City Clinical Hospital named after S.P. Botkin (Moscow) over the 2000–2007 was performed. A total of 303 positive blood culture results were obtained during this period. The isolated microorganisms were Gram-positive (n=210), Gram-negative (n=81), anaerobes (n=3), Bacillus cereus (n=2), Lactobacillus spp. (n=2), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (n=1), and Candida spp. (n=4). A significance of blood cultures was assessed based on severity of clinical signs of septic process. The analysis results showed increased role of Gram-negative microorganisms in patients with more severe septic process.