Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2000; 2(2):20-30
Current approaches covering the role of listreriae in infectious diseases for more than 70 years are given in this article. The main factors causing evident upgrowth of morbidity are analysed. The most prominent of them are: contamination and active reproduction of listeriae in food products, increase of susceptibility in risk groups due to abnormality cellular immunity. Intracellular parasitism features and distinctions of listeriae pathogenity are examined. The analysis of various methodical approaches to diagnosis of listeriosis shows the leading role of bacteriological methods of L.monocytogenes isolation and identification that are based on usage of selective media. The introduction of these methods into the work of laboratories and epidemiology surveillance centers is strongly advisable.