antimicrobials

To stop the progress of antimicrobial resistance today means to give a chance of mankind surviving tomorrow

Antimicrobial resistance is a global challenge for human society. Scientists around the world are trying not to return to the time when antimicrobials were not yet discovered, and millions of people were dying from infections. This article describes …

Integrated analysis of antibiotic consumption in the hospital segment of Saint-Petersburg in 2014–2018

Objective. To estimate composite indicators of systemic antibiotic consumption in the hospital segment of Saint-Petersburg in 2014–2018. Materials and Methods. Information on the volume and structure of AMP consumption in the hospital segment of St. Petersburg in 2014–2018 was obtained from AlfaRm Databases. The amount of purchased AMP was recalculated in the number of average daily maintenance doses (Defined Daily Dose, DDDs), as well as DDDs per 100 bed-days (DDDh) for each international nonproprietary name of AMP.

Gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions and antibiotic-associated diarrhea during antibiotic therapy in outpatient practice: prevention and treatment

Adverse drug reactions affecting gastrointestinal tract, quite often with the development of antibioticassociated diarrhea, are the most common undesirable effects of antibiotic therapy in outpatient practice. This review provides modern approaches …

Review of the ASCO and IDSA clinical practice guidelines on antimicrobial prophylaxis for adult patients with cancer-related immunosupression

Patients undergoing cytotoxic chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation are at risk for infection. The risk of infections increases with the depth and duration of neutropenia, with the greatest risk occurring in patients who experience …

Calculation of the optimal structure of antibiotic consumption in a hospital based on the predicted antimicrobial resistance in the treatment of uncomplicated acute pyelonephritis

Objective. To select an optimal (in terms of influence on the antibiotic resistance level) and cost-effective structure of antibiotic consumption in a hospital in the management of patients with acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis. Materials and Methods. Based on the literature data as well as a real practice of antibiotic administration, the cost of treatment of an acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis case with different regimens of initial antimicrobial treatment was calculated. Using mathematical modeling, changes in antimicrobial resistance of E.

Current approaches to prophylaxis and treatment of travelers’ diarrhea

Travelers’ diarrhea is the most common infectious disease in this subpopulation and usually develops within the first week of travel. This review presents summarized data on epidemiology and etiology of travelers’ diarrhea. Nonspecific precautions …

The rating of medical errors in the use of antimicrobials: retrospective clinical pharmacological analysis

Examination of rational pharmacotherapy is one of the major functional duties of the doctor – the clinical pharmacologist. Chemotherapy as etiotropic therapy is one of the most important types of pharmacotherapy. A retrospective analysis of case …

Paediatricians Approach to Prescribing of Systemic Antimicrobials in Outpatient Children with Upper Respiratory Tract and ENT Infections: Data from Multicenter Survey

Objective. Objectives. The study aimed to assess paediatricians knowledge of etiology and approach to systemic antimicrobials (АМ) use in outpatient children with acute respiratory tract infections. Materials and Methods. A questionnaire survey of primary care paediatricians from 17 cities of Russian Federation was performed in 2011–2013 in compliance with the unified methodology. Results. A total of 701 paediatricians (mean age 46,3±10,7, 61,5% with work experience >15 years) took part in the survey.

Safety Issues With the Use of Antimicrobials in Current Clinical Practice

Due to increased use of antibiotics in current clinical practice it is very important to evaluate all risks of antimicrobial therapy. Pharmacovigilance plays a vital role in ensuring that doctors, together with the patient, have enough information …

Medical Problems Associated with Bacterial Biofilms

This paper represents a review of currently available data on microbial communities and biofilms as an important clinical problem. Structure and morphology of microbial biofilm as well as stages and mechanisms of its formation, and genes and factors …