Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2008; 10(2):143-153
Nosocomial pneumonia (NP) is a serious challenge for modern medicine. NP leads to prolongation of the hospitalization and high mortality. Optimal approaches to the diagnosis and prophylaxis of NP remain subjects for further developmnet. Adequate and timely initial antibacterial therapy improves outcomes of NP. The article reviews epidemiology of NP with an accent made on key features of epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance of pathogens of NP in Russia, current approaches for diagnosis of NP, and results of clinical trials of different antibiotic regimens for NP.