Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2001; 3(1):22-27
Candiduria is relatively infrequent condition that occurs in less than 5% hospitalised patients and accounts for difficulties in diagnosis and patient’s investigation. The main problem is a difficulty in a differentiation of the true fungal infection and colonization. Development of candiduria is a result of one of the following: contamination of urine samples, urinary tract colonisation, local UTI, caused by Candida spp. or disseminated candidosis with urinary tract involvement. In the case of candiduria specific antifungal therapy (fluconazole, amphotericin В and flucytosine) indicated only in patients with disseminated fungal infection, proven fungal invasion of urinary tract, risk factors for disseminated fungal infection, instrumental manipulation on urinary tract and in renal transplant patients.