Monitoring of resistanceassociated mutations in UL97 gene of cytomegalovirus in children after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Objective. To perform genotyping of cytomegalovirus (CMV) phosphotransferase UL97 and investigate mutations associated with ganciclovir/valganciclovir (GCV/VGCV) resistance in children after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with confirmed CMV infection. Materials and Methods. This single-center prospective study was conducted from January 2020 to December 2021 and enrolled allogeneic HSCT recipients under 18 years of age with confirmed CMV infection. In case of possible GCV resistance, molecular genotyping with Sanger sequencing was performed.

Susceptibility of clinical Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates to ceftazidimeavibactam in Russia: multicenter local laboratory databased surveillance

Objective. To assess the in vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam against clinical Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in various regions of Russia based on results of local susceptibility testing by disk diffusion method. Materials and Methods. Overall, 160 laboratories located in 61 Russian cities participated in this surveillance during 2018-2020. All consecutive clinical isolates of Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in each participating laboratory were included in the study. Ceftazidime-avibactam susceptibility testing was done by disc-diffusion method in accordance with current EUCAST recommendations.

Almost two years with COVID-19: some aspects of antibiotic use

The objective of this review was to summarize impact of the widespread administration of antibiotics in treatment algorithms for patients with COVID-19 on treatment outcomes. The experience of antimicrobial use agents during COVID-19 pandemic did not …

Resistance of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from patients with orthopedic infection

Objective. To evaluate the resistance rate and production of carbapenemases in Klebsiella pneumoniae with phenotypic resistance to carbapenems isolated from patients with orthopedic infection. Materials and Methods. The materials for the study were tissue samples, aspirates and removed orthopedic devices of patients with orthopedic infection at the Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, between 2017 and 2019. K. pneumoniae strains were identified in Microlatest by iEMS ReaderMF. These strains were tested for susceptibility to 15 antimicrobial agents by disk diffusion methods, as described by the EUCAST.

The rates of mutations associated with macrolide resistance in Mycoplasma genitalium among patients with non-gonococcal sexually transmitted infections in Smolensk and Tula

Objective. In this study, we examined the prevalence of macrolide-resistant M. genitalium in two Russian cities, Smolensk and Tula, between 2013 and 2017. Materials and Methods. DNA’s samples were isolated from urethral and cervicovaginal swabs using primary screening and tested for macrolide resistance-associated mutations by real-time PCR. This technology makes it possible to identify any nucleotide substitutions in the 23S rRNA M. genitalium gene at positions 2058, 2059, 2611 M.

Some issues of the resistance of Candida glabrata to echinocandins

Invasive candidiasis is a common, severe and often difficult to treat complication in various categories of patients. Despite the fact that in most cases Candida albicans retains a leading position as an etiological cause, a pathogen such as Candida …

Comparative review of the modern methods for carbapenemases detection

Recent emergence and spread of carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacteria that hydrolyze most β-lactams, including carbapenems, are a major concern for antimicrobial therapy worldwide, including Russia. This paper presents a comparative review of …

Detection of acquired carbapenemase genes among Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from blood culture in patients with hematological malignancies

Objective. To evaluate the prevalence of acquired carbapenemase genes among A. baumannii isolates collected from blood culture in patients with hematological malignancies. Materials and Methods. This prospective multicenter study included A. baumannii isolated from blood culture in hematological patients in 7 Russian hospitals (2003–2015). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of meropenem and imipenem were determined by broth microdilution method (CLSI, 2017). All A. baumannii isolates were tested by multiplex real-time PCR for presence of acquired carbapenemase genes (blaOXA-23-like, blaOXA-24⁄40-like, blaOXA-58-like, blaNDM-like, blaVIM-like and blaIMP-like).

Susceptibility to antiseptic preparations in biofilm-forming Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from burn wounds

The article presents data on susceptibility to antiseptic preparations in antibiotic-resistant S. aureus and P. aeruginosa strains isolated from burn wounds, which were tested in single-species and double-species biofilms with varying degrees …

Antimicrobial susceptibility and association with serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in children with acute otitis media and acute sinusitis in Belarus

Objective. To study antibiotic resistance and its association with serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from hospitalized children with community-acquired ENT infections in Belarus during 2013-2016 and to analyze a potential for the use of different antibiotic classes in the treatment of those infections. Materials and Methods. A total of 115 strains isolated from children with acute otitis media and 18 strains isolated from children with acute rhinosinusitis were tested. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by a broth microdilution method.