Genetic diversity of vancomycinresistant Enterococcus faecium isolated from blood culture in patients with hematological malignancies

Objective. To study the genetic diversity of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VR-E. faecium) isolated from the blood culture in patients with hematological malignancies by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Materials and Methods. VR-E. faecium isolated from the blood culture in hematological patients in 6 hospitals of 4 Russian cities (2003–2019) were evaluated. Susceptibility to vancomycin was tested by the broth microdilution method (CLSI, 2018). Vancomycin-resistance genes (vanA, vanB) were identified by polymerase chain reaction.

Genotypes and metallo-beta-lactamases carriage in carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from children in Moscow

Objective. To characterize the population structure and determine the genetic mechanisms of carbapenem resistance in nosocomial isolates of P. aeruginosa collected in Moscow in 2012-2016. Materials and methods. Carbapenem-resistant isolates were collected in two pediatric hospitals in Moscow. Antibiotics susceptibility of P. aeruginosa isolates was assessed using the E-tests and disk-diffusion method. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was used for genotyping of the isolates. The presence of metallo-betalactamase (MBL) genes was determined using real-time PCR.

Antimicrobial resistance and clonal evolution of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A in Russia during 2002-2013

After the introduction of the conjugated 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7) the incidence of infections, caused by non-vaccine serotypes of S. pneumoniae, especially by 19А serotype, significantly increased. But in few countries similar phenomenon …

Properties of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strains Causing Nosocomial Infections in Surgical Wards in Federal Scientific Center of Transplantology and Bioartificial Organs

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the opportunistic microorganism dominating in intensive care units. The present research has been devoted to studying of the causes of long-lasting circulation of certain genotype of P. aeruginosa strains in Federal …

MRSA Typing: Which Methods are the Most Appropriate for Different Purposes?

Over the last decades there is an uncontrollable rise of MRSA prevalence. Infections caused by MRSA are associated with high mortality and healthcare costs. New antimicrobial drugs (anti-MRSA cephems, new glycopeptides, lipopeptides, glycilcyclines …