hospital-acquired pneumonia

Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Patients with Acute Stroke

Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a permanent problem of hospitals, especially intensive care units, where multiple factors such as invasive tests and treatments, aggressive medical therapy, and complex conditions of patient care contribute to …

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Patients with Hematological Malignancies in an ICU

Objective. To determine causative agents of hospitalacquired pneumonia (HAP), their incidence rates, and susceptibility to antimicrobial agents in patients with hematological malignancies in an intensive care unit (ICU). Materials and Methods. Broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) specimens obtained from oncohaematologic patients with pneumonia hospitalized to the ICU between December 2009 and December 2010 were retrospectively studied. Results. A total of 142 BAL specimens were obtained from 72 hospitalized patients aged of 19 to 86 years.

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Trauma Patients: Results of Prospective Observational Study

Objective. To study prospectively clinical course of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), mortality, and risk factors for poor outcome as well as etiology and antibiotic resistance of HAP in trauma patients; to assess antimicrobial therapy in patients with head trauma and orthopedic trauma in Smolensk Clinical Hospital of Emergency Medical Care. Materials and Methods. A prospective observational study in 96 patients with head trauma or orthopedic trauma and concurrent HAP, confirmed by clinical examination, chest X-ray, and Clinical Pulmonary Infection Scale (CPIS) score of ≥5.