Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2013; 15(2):95-105
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a permanent problem of hospitals, especially intensive care units, where multiple factors such as invasive tests and treatments, aggressive medical therapy, and complex conditions of patient care contribute to colonization with nosocomial pathogens. Deaths from HAP may be prevented in about 10% of cases by improving oral hygiene. Categorization of patients with acute stroke depending on risk of HAP and comparative efficacy assessment of oral hygiene methods may help to improve prophylaxis in this patient population. This paper presents a review of currently available approaches and methods of HAP prevention in patients with acute stroke.