antimicrobial resistance

Cefazolin inoculum effect among methicillinsusceptible Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with skin infections

Objective. To evaluate frequency and intensity of cefazolin inoculum effect among methicillin-susceptible staphylococci isolated from patients with skin infections. Materials and Methods. A total of 80 methicillin susceptible isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were identified by cefoxitin disk-diffusion test and negative results of real-time PCR for mecA gene. Inoculum effect was measured by broth microdilution test with two inocula with concentrations of 5 × 105 CFU/mL and 5 × 107 CFU/mL.

The prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of circulating S. pneumoniae serotypes in adult population in Russia (epidemiological study «SPECTRUM»)

Objective. To estimate prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of circulated S. pneumoniae serotypes in adult population in different regions of the Russian Federation. Materials and Methods. A total of 500 isolates of S. pneumoniae obtained from patients with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), sinusitis/acute otitis media (AOM) and healthy carriers from 29 centers were included in the study from 01 June 2019 to 15 January 2020. Re-identification, typing using real-time PCR with 27 primer pairs and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were performed in the central laboratory by standardized methods.

Local microbiological monitoring as a basis for determining etiological significance of conditional pathogens: data from a burn intensive care unit

Objective. To assess the etiology of infections, microbial associations and antimicrobial resistance in a burn intensive care unit. Materials and Methods. A microbiological study of 1322 biological samples from 195 patients with extensive burns included 479 blood samples, 82 respiratory samples, 326 urine samples, and 435 wound samples. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed, and coefficients of constancy and associativity (CA), as well as the Jaccard coefficient were calculated. Results. The etiology of infections was represented by: Pseudomonas aeruginosa – 23%, Acinetobacter baumannii – 19.

War and Peace: the difficult treatment of urinary tract infections and fosfomycin trometamol

The title of this review “War and peace” is not accidental and the analogies with a well-known literary masterpiece have absolutely justified ground. As in the case of Lev Tolstoy’s novel this title has a profound philosophical meaning, although at …

COVID19 pandemic is a «pandemic» of antimicrobial therapy

The article presents a critical analysis of antibiotic usage tactics in the treatment of patients with COVID-19 existing in Russian and foreign healthcare, and discusses the possible causes of unjustified antibiotic aggression in this category of …

Impact of healthcare workers’ cell phones on the spread of multidrugresistant microorganisms

Objective. To study the possibility of transferring multidrug resistant microorganisms through healthcare workers’ cell phones between medical institutions in Khabarovsk. Materials and Methods. It was a comparative prospective study to assess contamination of cell phones with multidrug-resistant microorganisms in a population (n = 30) and among intensive care unit (ICU) physicians (n = 60) in medical institutions. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by disc-diffusion method. A total of 514 healthcare workers from medical institutions of Khabarovsk were interviewed.

Molecular epidemiology of mcr gene group

Colistin and polymyxin B are the “last reserve” antimicrobials for the treatment of extensively drug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections. The rapidly increasing prevalence of polymyxin resistance mediated by the mcr gene localized on plasmid …

Management of antimicrobial resistance in a hospital: current state and future prospects

The analysis of the current state of antimicrobial resistance was performed and used as the basis for the implementation of modern tools of antimicrobial stewardship program in hospital practice. As a result, the structure of nosocomial pathogens and …

Antimicrobial resistance of staphylococci in pediatric hospitals

Objective. To determine frequency of Staphylococcus isolation and antimicrobial resistance in hospitalized children with different types of infections. Materials and Methods. Species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing in staphylococci were performed on a WalkAway 96 analyzer using Pos Combo type 20 tablets, and mecA gene detection was performed on a RotorGene 6000 amplifier with a set of AmpliSens MRSA-screen FL. Results. A total of 876 strains of staphylococci isolated in children’s hospitals were tested.

Appraisal of the domestic kit «MICMICRO » for antimicrobial susceptibility testing by serial microdilution method

Objective. To assess efficiency of the “MIC-MICRO” kit developed in the Department of New Technologies of the Saint-Petersburg Pasteur Institute, on reference strains and clinical bacterial isolates. Materials and Methods. In order to assess the “MIC-MICRO” kit, several options of its execution were used, including different groups of antibiotics: aztreonam, amikacin, gentamicin, colistin, meropenem, nitrofurantoin, chloramphenicol, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin. In order to determine the range of antibiotic values, the EUCAST-2020 database was used.