Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2012; 14(3):191-200
Infectious complications of combat-related injuries are the main cause of mortality and prolonged hospitalization in servicemen. Modern armed conflicts make it possible to use all of the advantages of medical care at early stages following wounding. In order to decrease incidence of severe infectious complications, guidelines on antimicrobial prophylaxis in combat-related injuries have been developed and implemented in several countries. This paper provides a review of guidelines endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America/Surgical Infection Society for the US Army in comparison with Russian approach to this problem.