Diseases and Pathogens

Microbiota in the pathogenesis of COPD and its impact on the course of the disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious problem for global health. Infectious agents play a main role in the development of COPD exacerbations. Bacterial colonization of the lower respiratory tract is common in patients with stable …

COVID-19 infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

Objective. To assess the course and outcomes of COVID-19 in recipients of allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Materials and Methods. The retrospective study included 44 adult recipients (allogeneic – 33 [75%] and autologous – 11 [25%] of HSCT who diagnosed with COVID-19 after transplantation. Group mostly represented by acute leukemia – 18 (41%) and lymphoma – 10 (22.7%). The median follow-up time since the development of COVID-19 was 231 days (1–818 days), after HSCT – 507.

Carriage of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and etiology of postoperative infectious complications in infants with congenital heart defects

Objective. To determine resistant microorganisms carriage, the frequency and etiology of postoperative infectious complications in high-risk infants with congenital heart defects (CHD). Materials and Methods. The retrospective analysis included 489 patients admitted for surgical treatment for CHD. The median age was 0.23 (0–12) months. Swabs were taken from the oropharynx and rectum for microbiological examination no later than 72 hours after admission (a total of 978 samples). The growth of resistant microorganisms (ESBL and/or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales, resistant non-fermentative Gram-negative bacteria, MRSA and VRE) was recorded.

The role of pneumocysts in the etiology of bronchopulmonary complications in patients with orthotopic heart transplantation

Objective. To study the prevalence of pneumocystosis among heart recipients (persons awaiting heart transplantation), persons with heart transplantation (patients with orthotopic heart transplantation) and to determine the role of pneumocysts in the etiology of bronchopulmonary complications in them. Materials and Methods. The paper presents an analysis of the results of a study of 94 samples of blood sera of patients who were treated at the Shumakov Institute of Transplantation and Artificial Organs of the Ministry of Health of Russia (Moscow).

Psychobiotics: a new way in psychopharmacology, or How do bacteria manage our brain?

Psychobiotics are a special class of probiotics that have a beneficial effect on human mental health. During the last decade, convincing evidence has emerged that the gut microbiome influences mental health, cognitive abilities (learning and memory), …

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the safety of anti-interleukin therapy in COVID-19

Objective. To evaluate safety of anti-interleukin drugs used as a pathogenetic therapy of COVID-19 as assessed by risks of infectious complications. Materials and Methods. A systematic review of publications related to safety assessment of anti-interleukin drugs recommended as pathogenetic therapy in COVID-19 patients in terms of incidence of serious adverse events and adverse events of “Infections and Invasions” class and a meta-analysis of the data were performed. Results. The meta-analysis included 16 randomized and 3 non-randomized studies.

Combination of invasive aspergillosis and mucormycosis in children: a case report and the results of a multicenter study

Objective. To study risk factors, etiology, clinical signs and treatment outcomes of invasive aspergillosis (IA) and mucormycosis combination (IAM) in children. Materials and Methods. A retrospective review of Saint-Petersburg register (1998–2021) of patients with IA was done and children with IAM were included. EORTC/MSGERG 2019 criteria were used for diagnosing and treatment results evaluation of invasive mycosis. We presented a clinical case of IAM in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapse.

Enigmatic Achromobacter

This review aims to describe the microbiological characteristics, resistant features and pathogenic potential of Achromobacter spp. Achromobacter as an opportunistic pathogen can cause severe and even fatal infections. The current knowledge about …

Etiology and antimicrobial resistance in surgical site infections in cardiac surgery

This article presents a review of currently available data on etiology and antimicrobial resistance in surgical site infections (SSI) following cardiac surgery. Author performed analysis of the references on etiology and antimicrobial resistance in …

Mucormycosis of the bones of the facial skull, nasal cavity and par anasal sinuses in patients with COVID19

Currently, the relevance of the issues of diagnosis and treatment of invasive fungal diseases has increased significantly due to the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection COVID-19 and the massive use of corticosteroids for the treatment. The key …