Antimicrobials

Antibacterial agents reducing the risk of resistance development

The most important goal of medical microbiology in terms of treating infectious diseases nowadays and in the coming decades will be the development of antibacterial agents that are effective against resistant pathogens and reduce the selection of …

Official statements of the board of experts on the use of topical thiamphenicol in patients with communityacquired respiratory infections

Currently, there is a steady growth antimicrobial resistance (AMP) worldwide. This is especially true now when antibiotic use has become uncontrolled due to its use in COVID-19 treatment regimens. Antibiotics do not have antiviral effect, their …

Ceftazidimeavibactam use in children and adolescents

The increasing number of infections caused by multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria in children is a serious problem all over the world. Ceftazidim-avibactam is a promising antimicrobial drug recently approved in Russia for use in pediatric …

Influence of different antibiotic groups on the development of mutational resistance to colistin among Klebsiella pneumoniae

Objective. To determine the concentration of colistin, preventing the selection of colistin-resistant mutants of K. pneumoniae, and to evaluate the effect of antibiotics of different groups on the development of mutational resistance to colistin. Materials and Methods. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of colistin were determined for 88 K. pneumoniae strains by the method of serial microdilutions in broth, and carbapenemase genes were detected. The selection of colistin-resistant subpopulations was performed on cation-adjusted MüllerHinton agar (MHA) with the addition of 16 mg/l colistin.

Bacteriophage therapy: back to the future

In connection with growing problem of antimicrobial resistance, the search for alternative treatments for infection is popular topic nowadays. This article represents an overview of published data on the therapeutic use of bacteriophages, …

War and Peace: the difficult treatment of urinary tract infections and fosfomycin trometamol

The title of this review “War and peace” is not accidental and the analogies with a well-known literary masterpiece have absolutely justified ground. As in the case of Lev Tolstoy’s novel this title has a profound philosophical meaning, although at …

Level of senior medical students’ knowledge on antimicrobial therapy: the results of the «KANT» project

Objective. To determine the level of basic knowledge of senior students of medical universities in the rational use of AMP. Materials and Methods. Analysis of an anonymous multicenter survey in the framework of the “KANT” project (the full name of the project is “Physicians’ (Students ’) knowledge in antimicrobials usage”), conducted in 2018–2019 in 6 cities of Russia and Kyrgyzstan. Results. The study revealed a low level of knowledge of senior students in the field of antibiotic therapy and the empirical use of AMP.

The current place of echinocandins in the treatment and prophylaxis of invasive fungal infections

Invasive fungal infections continue to show steady growth among various patient populations, accompanied by high rates of both morbidity and attributive mortality. For the treatment of invasive mycoses, a few number of drugs are currently available, …

Potentiation of antimicrobial activity of colistin with antibiotics of different groups against multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Objective. To reveal antibiotics being capable of potentiating the antimicrobial activity of colistin against multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Materials and Methods. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of colistin alone and in combination with fixed concentrations of antibiotics of different groups were determined for 272 multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant strains of K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa. Bactericidal activity of colistin, carbapenems, clarithromycin and their combinations were also determined at fixed PK/PD breakpoint concentrations of antibiotics.

Results of an open-label, randomized, comparative clinical trial of nifuratel in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in adult patients

Objective. To assess efficacy and safety of 14-day triple nifuratel-based therapy compared to 14-day standard triple therapy in adult patients with symptomatic H. pylori infection. Materials and Methods. A total of 70 patients with dyspepsia and microbiologically confirmed H. pylori infection were enrolled into the open-label, randomized, comparative clinical trial. The study group (n = 35) received a 14-day triple nifuratel-based therapy: esomeprazole (20 mg BID), nifuratel (400 mg BID) and amoxicillin (1000 mg BID).