Development of vaccines against gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia, herpes simplex virus, human immunodeficiency virus and Zika virus

The success in preventing hepatitis B virus and human papillomavirus infections by means of vaccination paves the way for the development of other vaccines to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia, …

Serological Characteristics and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated from Children Under 5 Years and Patients >65 Years in Belarus and Ukraine

Objective. Objectives. To reveal serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniaе isolated from patients with pneumococcal infections and from healthy carriers in Belarus and Ukraine. Materials and Methods. There were 314 strains of S. pneumoniae in this investigation, from patients and asymptomatic carriers at the age from 0 to 90 years. After re-identification and susceptibility testing to penicillin, serogroup and serotype was identified for each strain. Using this data the coverage of 7-, 10- and 13-vallent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines was determined.