Antimicrobial resistance of staphylococci in pediatric hospitals

Objective. To determine frequency of Staphylococcus isolation and antimicrobial resistance in hospitalized children with different types of infections. Materials and Methods. Species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing in staphylococci were performed on a WalkAway 96 analyzer using Pos Combo type 20 tablets, and mecA gene detection was performed on a RotorGene 6000 amplifier with a set of AmpliSens MRSA-screen FL. Results. A total of 876 strains of staphylococci isolated in children’s hospitals were tested.

New and old oxazolidinones: tedizolid vs. linezolid

Tedizolid is a novel oxazolidinone that has been recently approved for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) caused by Gram-positive pathogens, including MRSA. The mechanism of action of tedizolid is similar to …

Current Views on the Therapy of Enterococcal Endocarditis

The recent approaches to the treatment of endocarditis caused by Enterococcus spp., including strains that are resistant to conventional therapy, are discussed in the article. The possible ways of reduction of nephrotoxicity in elder patients and in …

Epidemiology of Antimicrobial Resistance of Nosocomial Strains of Staphylococcus aureus in Russia: Results of Prospective Multicenter Study

Objective. To determine in vitro activity of antimicrobials against S. aureus isolated from hospitalized patients from different regions of Russia. Materials and Methods. A total of 879 clinical strains of S. aureus isolated in 2000–2001 from patients hospitalized in 17medical institutions in different parts of Russia. Susceptibility to 18 antimicrobials: oxacillin, vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolid, erythromycin, clindamycin, lincomycin, gentamicin, mupirocin, fusidic acid, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, quinupristin/dalfopristin, rifampicin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, chloramphenicol was determined by agar dilution method in accordance with the NCCLS recommendations.