diagnosis

Enigmatic Achromobacter

This review aims to describe the microbiological characteristics, resistant features and pathogenic potential of Achromobacter spp. Achromobacter as an opportunistic pathogen can cause severe and even fatal infections. The current knowledge about …

Mucormycosis: modern diagnostics and treatment, existing problems and new trends in antifungal therapy

Over the last decade, the introduction of new antifungal drugs and diagnostic procedures has improved the prognosis of hematological patients with invasive fungal disease (IFD), primarily invasive aspergillosis. Despite effective antifungal …

Real-Time PCR for the Diagnosis of Tick-Born Infections

Overall 842 cases of admission due to tick bites in Irkutsk area during 2014 were analyzed. Detection of DNA/RNA of the tick-born encephalitis virus, Lyme borreliosis, monocytic ehrlichiosisand granulocyticanaplasmosis in the human serum and in the …

Septic Arthritis in Adults

Septic arthritis is a rheumatologic emergency as joint destruction occurs rapidly and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. The risk of septic arthritis significantly increased in patients with premorbid affected joints (especially with …

Problems of Management of β-herpesviral Infections

The article presents the current classification of herpesviruses, clinical features of infections caused by β-herpesviruses, as well as methods of laboratory diagnosis and treatment of these infections.

Rhodococcus spp.: Clinical Importance, Diagnosis and Antimicrobial Therapy

The clinical significance of nocardioform bacteria isolated recently in a distinct genus Rhodococcus, as pathogens of infectious diseases in human also has not been sufficiently studied and specified. In the literature there are described a slightly …

Diagnosis, Treatment Strategy, and Predictors of Septic Complications in Necrotizing Pancreatitis

Analysis of diagnosis and treatment strategies in 25 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis hospitalized to Emergency Care Clinical Hospital (Smolensk) over the period of 2008–2011 is presented in this paper. Rationale for the use of morphologic and …

Methodology Issues of Legionella Pneumonia Diagnosis in Medical Institutions

Objective. To determine significance of Legionella pneumonia for hematological patients in ICUs, and to evaluate prospects of the proposed algorithm for diagnosis of legionellosis. Materials and Methods. A total of 37 hematological ICU patients were assessed for legionellosis between December 2010 and February 2012. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid culture and Legionella urinary antigen test (rapid immunochromatographic assay) were used to diagnose legionellosis. Results. Diagnosis of legionellosis was confirmed in 4 (11%) patients, of which 3 had fatal outcome.

Encephalitis in Clinical Practice – Is That Simple?

In this review currently available data on the etiological diagnosis, management and treatment of encephalitis are discussed in accordance with the principles of evidence-based medicine. The article represents data in this research field, including …

Approaches to Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Male Urethritis: Results of Multicenter Observational Study

Objective. Objectives. To determine the diagnostic and treatment patterns for acute male urethritis (AMU) in Russia. Materials and Methods. Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted during 2009 in 4 cities of Russia: Kaluga, Pskov, Smolensk and Tula. Data on diagnostic and treatment approaches for AMU subjects ≥16 years old were collected and analyzed using specially designed case report forms. Results. 556 cases of AMU were analyzed during study period. The average age of patients was 29 years (16–68 years).