Pulmonary aspergilloma after previous COVID-19: a case report and a literature review

Pulmonary aspergillosis has always been considered as a disease that occurs in patients with certain risk factors for its development. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that fungal complications are common in patients without aspergillosis risk …

COVID-19 risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients: results of a retrospective study

Objective. To identify risk factors for fatal outcome and COVID-19-associated liver damage in hospitalized adult patients with coronavirus infection. Materials and Methods. In a retrospective cohort study, 389 cases of patients with coronavirus infection complicated by bilateral viral pneumonia were studied. Demographic characteristics, clinical features of the course of the disease, anamnestic data, results of laboratory and instrumental methods of examination were analyzed and correlated with mortality. At the time of admission, the following were taken into account: fever, severity of the patient’s condition according to COVID-19 classification of severity, body mass index (BMI), oxygen saturation (SpO2), percentage of lung tissue damage according to computed tomography (CT).

Patterns of antimicrobial dispensing in community pharmacies in Russia during the COVID-19 pandemic

Objective. To evaluate the existing patterns of antimicrobials dispensing in community pharmacies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods. In a cross-sectional study conducted from October 2020 to January 2021 it was obtained the data on the major antimicrobials dispensing in community pharmacies in Moscow and four regions of Russian Federation: date of release, customer’s age and gender, drug name and formulation, the reason for the release (symptoms, preliminary or confirmed diagnosis), prescription-based supply or not/emergency releasing.

Report of the Russian database on adverse drug reactions for COVID-19-related drugs with a focus on favipiravir

Objective. The purpose of this study is to systematize and comprehensively evaluate safety data on the drug favipiravir using the national pharmacovigilance database of the Russian Federation. Materials and Methods. The report is based on spontaneous reports in the national automated information system of pharmacovigilance of the Russian Federation for the reporting period from 01.01.2020 – 04.07.2022. To identify safety signals we used disproportionality analysis, to estimate consumption of favipiravir – indicator of the number of consumed DDDs, we additionally performed review of concomitant therapy as a risk factor for serious adverse reactions.

Invasive aspergillosis in patients with COVID-19 in intensive care units: results of a multicenter study

Objective. To study risk factors, clinical and radiological features and effectiveness of the treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in adult patients with COVID-19 (COVID-IA) in intensive care units (ICU). Materials and Methods. A total of 60 patients with COVID-IA treated in ICU (median age 62 years, male – 58%) were included in this multicenter prospective study. The comparison group included 34 patients with COVID-IA outside the ICU (median age 62 years, male – 68%).

Microbiological monitoring of COVID-19 patients in the ICU: a prospective observational study

Objective. To study spectrum of pathogens and the time to colonization of respiratory samples in patients with severe and critical COVID-19 as well as to analyze incidence of nosocomial infections and structure of prescribed antibacterial drugs. Materials and Methods. The prospective observational study included patients aged 18 years and older with confirmed severe and critical COVID-19 from December 2021 to February 2022. During the first 48 hours and then every 2–3 days of hospitalization, a respiratory sample was collected: sputum, tracheal aspirate (if intubated), bronchoalveolar lavage (if bronchoscopy was performed) for microscopy and microbiological examination.

Corynebacterium amycolatum infective endocarditis in a patient with severe COVID-19: a case report

Objective. To present a case of successful treatment of a secondary bacterial infection caused by nondiphtheritic corynebacterium in a patient with severe COVID-19 and known beta-lactam intolerance. Materials and Methods. A clinical case of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum in a 74-year-old patient hospitalized with severe COVID-19 is presented. Comorbidity (secondary immune deficiency due to active malignancy, chemotherapy courses; previous heart disease) and the need for immunosuppressive therapy were triggers for infection caused by a rare Gram-positive bacterium which is usually considered as clinically non-significant.

Some issues of safety of antimicrobial therapy in COVID-19 patients

Currently, there is a lack of evidence for empiric use of antimicrobial agents in most patients with COVID-19 in outpatient and hospital settings as the overall proportion of secondary bacterial infections in COVID-19 is quite low. This literature …

COVID-19 infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

Objective. To assess the course and outcomes of COVID-19 in recipients of allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Materials and Methods. The retrospective study included 44 adult recipients (allogeneic – 33 [75%] and autologous – 11 [25%] of HSCT who diagnosed with COVID-19 after transplantation. Group mostly represented by acute leukemia – 18 (41%) and lymphoma – 10 (22.7%). The median follow-up time since the development of COVID-19 was 231 days (1–818 days), after HSCT – 507.

Real-life antimicrobial therapy in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 (preliminary results and recommendations)

Objective. Development of local clinical protocols for antibacterial therapy of COVID-19-associated bacterial pneumonia in the therapeutic department of the city clinical hospital based on an analysis of the treatment process in patients with COVID-19-associated pneumonia. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis of 1382 cases of hospitalization in the therapeutic department of patients with COVID-19-associated pneumonia for the period from 2020 to 2021 was carried out. The structure of etiotropic therapy, the frequency and timing of microbiological studies of the biomaterial, the manifestations of the main markers of bacterial infection during dynamic monitoring of clinical and laboratory parameters in patients prescribed antibiotic therapy, as well as statistics of the stay of patients in the therapeutic department of the hospital were assessed.