Characteristics of hospitalized patients with lethal outcome due to COVID-19

Objective. To analyze the characteristics of patients with severe COVID-19 and lethal outcome. Materials and Methods. This retrospective pharmacoepidemiological study (March – April 2021) enrolled 172 patients with confirmed COVID-19 and death in the intensive care unit of City Clinical Hospital No. 24. Results. The mean age was 74.4 ± 7.4 years, patients over 65 years old – 81% (n = 139), over 75 years old – 44% (n = 75).

Differential diagnosis of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia and viral lung injury in hospitalized adults

Objective. Identification of clinical, laboratory, and instrumental factors more common in bacterial pneumonia compared to viral pneumonia, including COVID-19. Materials and Methods. This retrospective case-control study included hospitalized adults with communityacquired bacterial pneumonia and viral lung injury, including COVID-19. Patients were included taking into account age, gender, hospitalization department (general ward or ICU), and Charlson comorbidity index. Clinical, demographic, laboratory, and instrumental data on admission were studied. Unadjusted odds ratios (OR) were calculated using univariate logistic regression (for quantitative indicators) and contingency table analysis (for categorical indicators); adjusted OR were calculated using multivariate logistic regression.

Point prevalence multicenter survey of antimicrobial consumption in Russian hospitals: results of the Global-PPS 2021

Objective. To evaluate prescribing patterns of antimicrobials and quantify them in relation to quality indicators in Russian multi-field hospitals. Materials and Methods. Point Prevalence Survey of Antimicrobial Consumption as a part of an international Global-PPS project was conducted in 8 multi-field hospitals in different Russian cities (Krasnoyarsk, Moscow, Omsk, Saratov, Smolensk, Ulan-Ude, Yakutsk) during the period from May till December 2021. Case records of patients who received therapeutic or prophylactic systemic antimicrobial agents were analyzed.

Pulmonary aspergilloma after previous COVID-19: a case report and a literature review

Pulmonary aspergillosis has always been considered as a disease that occurs in patients with certain risk factors for its development. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that fungal complications are common in patients without aspergillosis risk …

COVID-19 risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients: results of a retrospective study

Objective. To identify risk factors for fatal outcome and COVID-19-associated liver damage in hospitalized adult patients with coronavirus infection. Materials and Methods. In a retrospective cohort study, 389 cases of patients with coronavirus infection complicated by bilateral viral pneumonia were studied. Demographic characteristics, clinical features of the course of the disease, anamnestic data, results of laboratory and instrumental methods of examination were analyzed and correlated with mortality. At the time of admission, the following were taken into account: fever, severity of the patient’s condition according to COVID-19 classification of severity, body mass index (BMI), oxygen saturation (SpO2), percentage of lung tissue damage according to computed tomography (CT).

Patterns of antimicrobial dispensing in community pharmacies in Russia during the COVID-19 pandemic

Objective. To evaluate the existing patterns of antimicrobials dispensing in community pharmacies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods. In a cross-sectional study conducted from October 2020 to January 2021 it was obtained the data on the major antimicrobials dispensing in community pharmacies in Moscow and four regions of Russian Federation: date of release, customer’s age and gender, drug name and formulation, the reason for the release (symptoms, preliminary or confirmed diagnosis), prescription-based supply or not/emergency releasing.

Report of the Russian database on adverse drug reactions for COVID-19-related drugs with a focus on favipiravir

Objective. The purpose of this study is to systematize and comprehensively evaluate safety data on the drug favipiravir using the national pharmacovigilance database of the Russian Federation. Materials and Methods. The report is based on spontaneous reports in the national automated information system of pharmacovigilance of the Russian Federation for the reporting period from 01.01.2020 – 04.07.2022. To identify safety signals we used disproportionality analysis, to estimate consumption of favipiravir – indicator of the number of consumed DDDs, we additionally performed review of concomitant therapy as a risk factor for serious adverse reactions.

Invasive aspergillosis in patients with COVID-19 in intensive care units: results of a multicenter study

Objective. To study risk factors, clinical and radiological features and effectiveness of the treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in adult patients with COVID-19 (COVID-IA) in intensive care units (ICU). Materials and Methods. A total of 60 patients with COVID-IA treated in ICU (median age 62 years, male – 58%) were included in this multicenter prospective study. The comparison group included 34 patients with COVID-IA outside the ICU (median age 62 years, male – 68%).

Microbiological monitoring of COVID-19 patients in the ICU: a prospective observational study

Objective. To study spectrum of pathogens and the time to colonization of respiratory samples in patients with severe and critical COVID-19 as well as to analyze incidence of nosocomial infections and structure of prescribed antibacterial drugs. Materials and Methods. The prospective observational study included patients aged 18 years and older with confirmed severe and critical COVID-19 from December 2021 to February 2022. During the first 48 hours and then every 2–3 days of hospitalization, a respiratory sample was collected: sputum, tracheal aspirate (if intubated), bronchoalveolar lavage (if bronchoscopy was performed) for microscopy and microbiological examination.

Corynebacterium amycolatum infective endocarditis in a patient with severe COVID-19: a case report

Objective. To present a case of successful treatment of a secondary bacterial infection caused by nondiphtheritic corynebacterium in a patient with severe COVID-19 and known beta-lactam intolerance. Materials and Methods. A clinical case of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum in a 74-year-old patient hospitalized with severe COVID-19 is presented. Comorbidity (secondary immune deficiency due to active malignancy, chemotherapy courses; previous heart disease) and the need for immunosuppressive therapy were triggers for infection caused by a rare Gram-positive bacterium which is usually considered as clinically non-significant.