Antimicrobial therapy of sepsis caused by carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in patients with hematological malignancies

Objective. To compare the efficacy of ceftazidime-avibactam and aztreonam combination therapy with “standard” therapy in patients with hematological malignancies and sepsis, caused by carbapenemresistant K. pneumoniae. Materials and Methods. In this open, single center prospective-retrospective, cohort study, during 2019–2022, we analyze medical documentation of 81 hospitalized patients with hematologic malignancies and K. pneumoniae sepsis. K. pneumoniae was identified by MALDI-TOF mass-spectrometry; antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed in accordance with current versions of EUCAST guidelines.

Susceptibility of clinical Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates to ceftazidimeavibactam in Russia: multicenter local laboratory databased surveillance

Objective. To assess the in vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam against clinical Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in various regions of Russia based on results of local susceptibility testing by disk diffusion method. Materials and Methods. Overall, 160 laboratories located in 61 Russian cities participated in this surveillance during 2018-2020. All consecutive clinical isolates of Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in each participating laboratory were included in the study. Ceftazidime-avibactam susceptibility testing was done by disc-diffusion method in accordance with current EUCAST recommendations.

Ceftazidimeavibactam use in children and adolescents

The increasing number of infections caused by multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria in children is a serious problem all over the world. Ceftazidim-avibactam is a promising antimicrobial drug recently approved in Russia for use in pediatric …

Ceftazidime-avibactam: new rules for the game against multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria

The rapid spread of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria in hospital settings all over the world makes a demand for the new options to overcome antimicrobial resistance. Ceftazidime-avibactam is the first approved antibiotic that contains a new …