A. baumannii

Antimicrobial resistance, carbapenemase production, and genotypes of nosocomial Acinetobacter spp. isolates in Russia: results of multicenter epidemiological study ”MARATHON 2015–2016”

Objective. Objectives. To assess the rates of antibiotic resistance and production of acquired carbapenemases in nosocomial strains of Acinetobacter spp., and to determine the genotypes and prevalence of “international high-risk clones” among nosocomial strains of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated in various regions of Russia within the “MARATHON 2015–2016” study. Materials and Methods. A total of 1005 non-duplicate nosocomial isolates of Acinetobacter spp., including 975 isolates of A. baumannii, collected in 44 hospitals from 25 cities in Russia in 2015– 2016 were studied.

Antimicrobial Resistance of Gram-negative Microorganisms Causing Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections in Russia

Objective. To assess antimicrobial resistance of gram-negative microorganisms causing complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAI) in Russia. Materials and Methods. This was a multicenter (a total of 21 cities), prospective, microbiological study to collect Gram-negative pathogens from patients with complicated IAI. Identification was performed using MALDITOF mass spectrometry. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibiotics were determined by dilution method according to the current CLSI and EUCAST guidelines. Results. A total of 1908 isolates of gram-negative pathogens was obtained (357 isolates in community-acquired IAI, and 1551 isolates in nosocomial IAI).

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Patients with Hematological Malignancies in an ICU

Objective. To determine causative agents of hospitalacquired pneumonia (HAP), their incidence rates, and susceptibility to antimicrobial agents in patients with hematological malignancies in an intensive care unit (ICU). Materials and Methods. Broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) specimens obtained from oncohaematologic patients with pneumonia hospitalized to the ICU between December 2009 and December 2010 were retrospectively studied. Results. A total of 142 BAL specimens were obtained from 72 hospitalized patients aged of 19 to 86 years.